You’ve probably heard about the terms Tor and dark web in the media. However, accessing these sites is not as dangerous as they sound. It’s actually fairly easy to begin.
The dark web is a set of websites that are not found by search engines such as Google. The dark web is that part of the internet that contains data and information that would otherwise be kept private. For example email inboxes, online banking logins and Google Drive folders live on the deep web. They aren’t visible to the general public using a normal browser.
On the dark web, there are numerous websites that are legitimate functions. SecureDrop, for example, is a dark-web site that allows anonymously submitting sensitive information by whistleblowers. There are also websites that assist people in buying and sell stolen credentials such as credit card numbers, passwords and social security numbers. These sites are often referred to ‘marketplaces’ and the most well-known examples are Silk Road and AlphaBay, but there are lots of others that have come and gone.
The key to accessing the dark web is a network known as Tor which routes your connection through a set of volunteer servers, which are distributed throughout the world. This makes it impossible for anyone to identify your movements. Tor’s name comes from its fact that the data it encrypts is layered, like the layers of a pizza. This is a way to ensure anonymity.